Dame Margaret Natalie Smith CH DBE (born 28 December 1934) is an English actress. She has had an extensive career on stage, film, and television which began in the mid-1950s. Smith has appeared in more than 60 films and over 70 plays, and is one of Britain's most recognisable actresses. She was made a Dame by Queen Elizabeth II in 1990 for contributions to the performing arts, and a Companion of Honour in 2014 for services to drama.
Smith began her career on stage as a student, performing at the Oxford Playhouse in 1952, and made her professional debut on Broadway in New Faces of '56. For her work on the London stage, she has won a record six Best Actress Evening Standard Awards: for The Private Ear, and The Public Eye (both 1962), Hedda Gabler (1970), Virginia (1981), The Way of the World (1984), Three Tall Women (1994) and A German Life (2019). She received Tony Award nominations for Private Lives (1975) and Night and Day (1979), before winning the 1990 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for Lettice and Lovage. She appeared in Stratford Shakespeare Festival productions of Antony and Cleopatra (1976) and Macbeth (1978), and West End productions of A Delicate Balance (1997) and The Breath of Life (2002). She received the Society of London Theatre Special Award in 2010.
On screen, Smith first drew praise for the crime film Nowhere to Go (1958), for which she received her first nomination for a British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award. She has won two Academy Awards, winning Best Actress for The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1969) and Best Supporting Actress for California Suite (1978). She is one of only seven actresses to have won in both categories. She has won a record four BAFTA Awards for Best Actress, including for A Private Function (1984) and The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne (1988), a BAFTA for Best Supporting Actress for Tea with Mussolini (1999), and three Golden Globe Awards. She received four other Oscar nominations that were for Othello (1965), Travels with My Aunt (1972), A Room with a View (1986), and Gosford Park (2001).
Smith played Professor Minerva McGonagall in the Harry Potter film series (2001–2011). Her other films include Love and Pain and the Whole Damn Thing (1973), Death on the Nile (1978), Clash of the Titans (1981), Evil Under the Sun (1982), Hook (1991), Sister Act (1992), Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit (1993), The Secret Garden (1993), The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel (2012), and The Lady in the Van (2015). She won an Emmy Award in 2003 for My House in Umbria, to become one of the few actresses to have achieved the Triple Crown of Acting, and starred as Lady Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham, on Downton Abbey (2010–2015), for which she won three Emmys, her first non-ensemble Screen Actors Guild Award, and her third Golden Globe. Her honorary film awards include the BAFTA Special Award in 1993 and the BAFTA Fellowship in 1996. She received the Stratford Shakespeare Festival's Legacy Award in 2012, and the Bodley Medal by the University of Oxford's Bodleian Libraries in 2016.
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Serious-minded, individualistic and thorough, the ISTJ personality types like to plan, schedule and drive through to completion, in a logical linear sequence. Any deviation from the plan would be questioned and may take some convincing of its merits. The ISTJ is essentially the engine room, the behind-the-scenes worker making it happen. Concentration, willpower and persistence epitomises the ISTJ approach to work and to life and they will begin at the beginning and end at the. Spontaneity and flexibility are less important to the ISTJ. Conservative and risk-averse ISTJs excel when it needs a steady hand and they are unlikely to ever drop the ball.
The ISTJ is the behind-the-scenes worker making things happen. Their sense of duty and loyalty means that they will rarely be happy in the front line, preferring to be in the back room making it all happen. The ISTJ is the sensible, ‘prefect-type’ character, who wants to get it right and 'do good.' Their value to the team is protection, from mistakes, from omissions, from self-delusion and from going off-track. The ISTJ loves seeing things come to fruition. Ideas, complexity and imagination are of value only if they lead to a practical end result. An ISTJ needs to be clear on what is expected, and then will plan and work with consistent and steady energy towards completion. Their opinions will be slowly arrived-at and, consequently well-thought-through, tried and tested. The ISTJ is not prone to bursts of emotion, flying by the seat of their pants nor will they thrive in a chaotic environment, unless they have the opportunity to formalise it and make it non-chaotic.
Serious-minded, individualistic and thorough, the ISTJ may focus so much on the task that they can forget the needs of others, including themselves. ISTJs like to plan, schedule and drive through to completion, in a logical linear sequence. Any deviation from the plan would be questioned and the ISTJ may take some convincing of its merits. An ISTJ can be trusted to complete, to work hard and play by the rules. However, they may not always articulate how they are feeling or even how things are progressing. The ISTJ plans the work and works the plan, so why should there be any need for up-dates. They naturally tune into the actualities and specifics of life and thus they will be reliable, loyal and work with existing, known facts and data. Conscientious, hardworking and serious about their undertakings ISTJs are built for attrition, to work tirelessly in achieving the agreed goals. The ISTJ may not have been the one to set the goals but they will make sure they are met - to the letter, working methodically, carefully and taking it very personally. Everything is taken literally (with no irony) and they pride themselves on being careful and accurate about ‘the facts.’ ISTJs are built to execute, exactly as agreed.
Quiet and thoughtful, the ISTJ work best when they are clear on what is expected and then allowed to get on with it without interruption or interference from others, preferably in a familiar way in familiar surroundings. The ISTJ does not like being thrown in at the deep-end and they have to feel that whatever they are being asked to do makes logical sense. The new, the untried worries the ISTJ as they rely instinctively on experience and prefer the known and the traditional and, as they learn best through doing so any activity with which they have no direct first-hand experience will cause a wariness and mistrust initially. Sure, the ISTJ can change but they need to see a logical reason for doing so, and they’ll need to think it through. Anything perceived as woolly will not compute. Conservative, risk-averse and methodical ISTJs come into their own when it needs a steady hand and abject attention to detail. And they are unlikely to ever drop the ball. The ISTJ will not be prone to say: ‘let’s give it a whirl.’
Others may see them as slightly cold and impersonal, possibly even uncaring. However, their decisions are based on what makes the most logical sense and as such this can mean the feelings of others may not necessarily be factored into this process. The ISTJ will then systematically carry out the task diligently and to the letter, which can make them appear inflexible, but this is simply a sign of the seriousness with which they embrace responsibility.
ISTJs will begin at the beginning and end at the end, no deviations. They have a keen sense of what’s right and wrong, are known for dedication to duty, and so doing things right, being punctual, doing what they say they’ll do, are the values they live by.